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Justice Sylvain Ore

Judge Sylvain Oré, a national of Côte d’Ivoire, was elected President of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Court) on 5 September 2016 for a two-year term. Elected for the first time as Judge of the Court in 2010 for a four-year term, he was re-elected in 2014 for a second term of six years.

After obtaining a Master’s degree in Law and a Lawyers’ Professional Aptitude Certificate (CAPA) from the University of Abidjan–Cocody, he was called to the Bar of Côte d’Ivoire. He also holds a Certificate of Higher Specialized Studies (DESS) in human rights jointly awarded by the University of Abidjan –Cocody and the Institut de la Dignité et des Droits Humains (Institute of Human Dignity an Rights) of the Centre for Research and Action for Peace, Abidjan, as well as a Diploma in Economic, Social and Cultural Rights from Henry Dunant University College, Geneva, Switzerland. He was a laureate of the lawyers’ eloquence contest organized by the Bar of Côte d’Ivoire in 2001, following which he was conferred the prestigious title of “Conference Secretary”.

As part of continuous training, Judge Oré participated in various high-level programmes, particularly in the areas of human rights litigation (Community Court of Justice, ECOWAS, Abuja, Nigeria), international human rights law (International Human Rights Institute, Strasbourg, France, and international law of the sea (International Foundation for the Law of the Sea, Hamburg, Germany.

He is author of a Doctorate Degree Thesis on “Human Rights Protection by the Community Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)” and is currently working on a PhD thesis at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon, Sorbonne on the prospects of complementarity and competition between the African Court and the Community Court of Justice, ECOWAS, in the field of human rights protection in Africa.

Driven by his renewed interest in the development of law, Judge Oré has been involved in academic activities; and in that regard, he dispenses courses and gives lectures on a wide range of human rights subjects, as was the case at the Luiss Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy; the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab, India; and the International Human Rights Institute, Strasbourg, France.

Within the same context, Judge Oré participates as keynote speaker or trainer in various initiatives on issues pertaining, inter alia, to international justice in Africa, the rule of law and transitional justice, the right to effective remedy, human rights jurisprudence in Africa, and in regional and international human rights protection mechanisms. Furthermore, he took part as trainer in several capacity-building activities for lawyers, judges and civil society organizations from various regions of the Continent.


Justice Ben Kioko, a national of Kenya, was elected judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in July 2012 for a six-year term.
During his professional career, Justice Ben Kioko has practiced law and also acquired extensive legal experience and expertise working with the African Union and interacting with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) as well as other intergovernmental and international bodies.
Prior to his election, Justice Ben Kioko served in the legal service of the OAU/AU in various capacities including serving as The Legal Counsel and Director of the AU Legal Department from 2001 to July 2012. During that period, he inter alia provided legal advice to the Commission, the AU policy organs and other AU organs and performed depositary functions for OAU/AU treaties. He was also responsible for the conduct of all elections by the policy organs, the drafting of agreements, clearing of contracts and preparation of reports for submission to the Executive Council and the Assembly of the Union. He also initiated annual meetings between the Legal Advisers of the AU and the RECs and also established collaborative arrangements with the UN Legal Counsel and UN Office of Legal Affairs and generally with the legal services of other United Nations (UN) System Agencies, the European Union (EU), World Bank, OAS, and Asian African Legal Consultative Organization and other international organizations.
He was also involved in the conceptualization; drafting and negotiation of at least 26 treaties adopted under the aegis of the OAU/AU since 1994 and the operationalization of the treaty organs established therein including those relating to the judicial organs of the OAU/AU. He was also involved in the drafting and negotiation of a variety of human rights instruments such as those relating to peace and security, instruments relating to the judicial organs of AU, preventing and combating corruption, rights of women, democracy, governance and elections, as well as the institutional architecture set out in the Constitutive Act and Statutes of ECOSOC aimed at involving the African peoples in the work of the AU.
 With regard to the African Court on Human and peoples’ Rights, Justice, Justice Ben Kioko was part of the initial group that sought the Assembly decision on the matter in 1994 and subsequently met in Addis Ababa and Geneva under the auspices of the International Commission of Jurists to initiate the Zero draft Protocol. He was responsible for convening all the meetings of Government experts and Ministers of Justice and presentation of the Protocol to the Executive Council and the Assembly.
Justice Ben Kioko serves as a member of the Advisory Board on Implementation of the Human Rights Standards Project, Human Rights Implementation Centre, University of Bristol, United Kingdom and member Editorial Board of several international Law Journals. He is also an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya, Associate Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a recipient of two national awards in Kenya.


Justice Gerard Niyungeko

Justice Gérard Niyungeko is a national of Burundi. He was elected Judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in 2006 for a term of six years (renewable once only). He served as the first President of the Court (2006-2008). He was re-elected for the second term as President of the African Court for the period 2010-2012.

Justice Gérard Niyungeko is a holder of a PhD in Law from the University of Brussels (1988) and a Professor of International Law, Constitutional Law and Human Rights Law at the University of Burundi.

He also holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Law from the University of Burundi (1979), a Master’s Degree in International Law from the University of Brussels (1983) and Diploma of the Hague Academy of International Law (1984).

He served as a visiting teacher at the Summer Courses of International Humanitarian Law in Dijon (France, September 1992) and Nottwill (Switzerland, September 1994); at the University of Brussels (2002-2003); at the Hague Academy of International Law (July-August 2007); at the Ottawa University (January 2009) and at the International Institute of Human Rights (Strasbourg, France, July 2010). From 1999 to 2003, Justice Gerard Niyungeko was the Chair-Holder of UNESCO Chair in Education for Peace and Conflict Resolution at the University of Burundi.

He was the Vice-Rector of the University of Burundi (1997-2000); President of the Constitutional Commission of Burundi (1991-1992); President of the Constitutional Court of Burundi (1992-1996); Member of the Tribunal of the Preferential Trade Area of the Eastern and Southern African Countries (PTA) (1991-1996); Counsel before the International Arbitral Tribunal (Brussels, 1991-1992) and before the International Court of Justice (1999-2001 and 2002-2005); Consultant in the United Nations System (2001 and 2002) and within the African Union Commission (2005-2006). He is currently a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).

He is the author of several works, including the following: Les droits de l’homme, cours destiné aux formateurs, Bujumbura, 1994, 92 p.; La preuve devant les juridictions internationales, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2005, 480 p.



Justice El Hadji Guisse, a national of Senegal, was first elected as a Judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in January 2006 for a four year term which ended in 2010. He was once again re-elected judge of the Court for a six year term in July 2012.

 Justice Guissé is a holder of Bachelor of Laws Degree in Private Law and a Diploma of the Judicial Studies Center of Paris. He is also a Graduate of the International Institute of Human Rights.

He has served in the judiciary in Senegal in various capacities. He respectively served as an Investigating Judge in Dakar, as the President of section of the Working Court, as Judge in the Exceptional Court of Dakar, as Judge of the Court of Appeal of Dakar, as Counsellor to the Court of Appeal, as President of Chamber to the Court of Appeal and Deputy Director of the Criminal Affairs and Favours.

Justice Guissé also taught Law at the National School of Administration of Judiciary, the National School of Police and the National School of Health.

Justice Guissé is a former Secretary General of the Senegalese Committee for Human Rights. He has also served in the national Committee for UNESCO. He also served as the Secretary General of the International Organisation for the Realization of Cultural Social and Economic Rights.

Justice Guisse has also served in the United Nations in various capacities. He was a Member, Rapporteur, Vice President and President of the UN Sub Commission on the Fight against Discriminatory Practices and the Protection of Minorities. He also served as a Special Rapporteur on the Right to Drinking Water and as a President of the Working Group on the Consequences of Activities of Transnational Corporations on Human Rights.


Judge Rafaa

Justice Rafaa Ben Achour, a native of Tunisia, was elected Judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in June 2014, for a six year term.
He is Professor Emeritus in Public Law at the Faculty of Law, Political and Social Sciences of the University of Carthage (Tunisia).
Justice Ben Achour is a holder of a Degree in Advanced Studies in Public Law obtained in 1978, a Degree in Political Sciences obtained in 1979, a Doctorat d’État (PHD) in International Law obtained in1984, and was admitted into the corps of lecturers in Public Law and Political Sciences in the University of Tunis in 1987.
He has been President of a University, Minister and Ambassador.
He has written several books and articles in law.
Until 2010, he was an AU expert on the transformation of the African Union Commission into the African Union Authority.
Justice Ben Achour was a member of the African Union Commission on International Law (AUCIL). He is a member of the International Human Rights Institute in Strasbourg (2003).He was a founding member of the International Academy of Constitutional Law, where he was Secretary General from 1986 to 1996. He is an alternate member of the European Commission for Democracy through Law.
Justice Ben Achour was a Board member of the United Nations University from 2001 to 2007.

Judge Angelo

Justice Ângelo Vasco Matusse is a citizen of the Republic of Mozambique. He was elected Judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in June 2014, for a six-year term.
Justice Matusse holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Law and two Master’s Degrees, in Public International Law, from Baku State University (1991), and in International Business Law from QMW College, University of London (1995). He has also had several professional training programmes, including in the field of the Rights of the Child, Women’s Rights, International Environmental Law and Legislative Drafting.
As Deputy Attorney-General of Mozambique, Justice Matusse has served as State Advocate at the Supreme Court since 2007. He was Senior Counsel to the Attorney-General from 1998 to 2007 and, prior to that, he was in private practice.
Justice Matusse has taught Public International Law, Human Rights and Transport Law at Eduardo Mondlane University, since 1992. He was a key speaker at seminars and conferences and wrote and presented various papers, including: “Judicial Cooperation in Southern African Development Community (SADC),” Luanda, 2012; “Accountability of the 1994 Rwanda Genocide Suspects in Southern Africa: The Mozambican Perspective,” Johannesburg, 2011; “The Legal Framework for Regional Integration: An Introduction to SADC Legal Instruments and Community Law,” Maputo, 2008; and “Childhood Poverty in Mozambique: An Analysis of the Situation and Trends,” UNICEF, Maputo, 2006.  From 1998 to 2007, Justice Matusse served as Resident Representative of the Association of European Parliamentarians for Africa (AWEPA).


Justice Ntyam Ondo Mengue is a national of the Republic of Cameroon. She was elected Judge of the African  Court for a six year  term during the  27th AU  Summit held in July 2016 in  Kigali, Rwanda.
Justice Mengue holds a number of educational qualifications, including:
A Diplôme de l'Ecole Normale d'Administration et de Magistrature and a Licence en Droit Privé
At the professional level, she has worked in the judiciary of Cameroon since 1982, that is for over three decades now, holding a number of key positions, such as the President of the Court of Instance of Yaoundé, Vice President of the Court of Appeal; President of the Section on Administrative Contracts of the Court of Supreme Court of Cameroon. She is presently the President of the Commercial Section of the Supreme Court of Cameroon.
Justice Mengue is also a member of the National Commission of Human Rights and Freedoms of Cameroon, where she has acted as Rapporteur on numerous occasions, and has specialised in thematic areas, such as the right to vote, the rights of detained persons, arbitrary arrests and the right to fair trial.
Justice Mengue has taken part in several national and international seminars and conferences, and is a member of a number of professional organisations, including the Association of Cameroon Female Lawyers and Christian Women Association of the Cameroon Presbyterian Church. She is fluent in both French and English.



Justice Mukamulisa Marie Thérèse is a national of the Republic of Rwanda. She was elected Judge of African Court for a six years term during the 27th AU Summit in July 2016.

She has been Judge of the Supreme Court of Rwanda since 2003. She is also member of the High Judicial Council of Rwanda since 2015, as well as member of regional and international networks of Judges such as the International Hague Network of Judges (IHNJ).

Before her appointment as a Judge, she has occupied high positions including one of 12 commissioners who drafted the Rwandan post-genocide Constitution, a Visiting Lecturer in Comparative Law at the National University of Rwanda, Legal Counsel and Executive Secretary of CCOAIB (an umbrella group of NGOs in Rwanda) and SONARWA.

Following her law degree (Civil Law) from the National University of Rwanda, she received an LLB (Common law) from the University of Moncton in New Brunswick. She holds also a Masters in Genocide Studies and Prevention from CCM-NUR.  



Hon. Lady Justice Tujilane Rose Chizumila is a national of Malawi and was elected Judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in January 2017 during the 28th Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, for a six-year term.

Justice Chizumila has a Masters in International Law and has held several positions in the judicial, Legal, Academic, Diplomatic, administrative, governance and corporate fields in Malawi, including Judge of the High Court of Malawi, State Advocate and Legal Aid Advocate with the Ministry of Justice, Secretary of the Law Society of Malawi, first Female Ombudsman, Malawi High Commissioner to Zimbabwe and Proprietor and Founder of Chizumila and Company.

She has a number of publications to her credit, including ‘A widow’s perspective – a personal experince’’, a publication which led to the enactment of a law in Parliament, making property grabbing an offence in Malawi.

Justice Chizumila speaks English and Swahili. 



Hon. Lady Justice Bensaoula Chafika is a national of Algeria and was elected judge of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights in January 2017 during the 28th Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, for a six-year term.

Dr. Bensaoula who is currently a lecturer at the National School of Magistracy in Algeria holds a Doctorate Degree in Public Law.

She has held several key positions in the judiciary and administratiopn of Algeria, including Judge at the Criminal Affairs Chambers for cases involving delinquents, Judge at the Court of Appeal, Member of the Board of Directors of the Institut de Droit et Justice, Inspector of Administrative and Judicial Courts.

Justice Bensaoula has a number of publications to her credit, including:
- The issue of mediation in Algerian Civil and Administrative Procedure Code ;
- Conciliation in Administrative Matters ;
- Enforcement of administrative judgments by the administration ;
- The use of audio visual evidence.

Justice Bensaoula speaks Arabic, English and French.



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